|FM Vladimir Zabunov|
(01.11.2013) Here are the biography and selected compositions (twomover, threemovers, selfmates, helpmate and fairy) of the famous bulgarian chess composer from the recent past FM Vladimir Zabunov (1928-1997).
Vladimir Zabunov was born on 24.08.1928 in the town of Shumen (Bulgaria), but lives and works in Varna. He published his first chess problem in 1955. During his long activity he has composed about 400 problems from almost all genres (without studies). Almost half of them were awarded - 79 Prizes (including 16 First), 44 Honourable mentions and 40 commendations.
His friendship with Dimitar Manev and then with the most successfull bulgarian chess composer GM Petko Petkov has a significant role for his style and growth as a composer.
Zabunov is awarded the title National Master of Sport in 1971. In 1987 he was approved as an International Judge for Chess Composition (for twomovers and threemovers sections). He won the 1st Place in Selfmate section of the first World Chess Composition Tournament 1976 and later was awarded by the Central Council of the Bulgarian Union for Physical Culture and Sports with the medal "For glories" about that. Zabunov has 12.5 FIDE Album points and he is awarded the title of FIDE Master for Chess Composition in 1990 and thus became only the fourth bulgarian composer with an international title in the history.
The Zabunov name is associated with the eponymous theme which is defined and gained popularity after he realized it in his Probleemblad 1964 3rd Prize problem. The definition of the theme is: "the front piece from one battery makes an ambush move and becomes the rear piece of a newly created battery." Later the Zabunov theme was chosen for a theme in the second World Chess Composition Tournament.
The great Bulgarian composer died in 1997.
1) 1.Rd~? (2.Bd3#), 1…Rd4!, 1.Rdxd5!? (2.Bd3#), 1…Bxd2!
1.Rb~? (2.Qb5#), 1…Rc5!, 1.Rbxd5!? (2.Qb5#), 1…Qe8!
1.Bc~? (2.Rc3#), 1…d4!, 1.Bd4!? (2.Rc3#), 1…Rxh3!
1.S4~? (2.Rb4#), 1…Bf8!, 1.Sxd5!? (2.Rb4#), 1…Qf8!
1.Sc2! (2.Sa3#), 1…Qf8 2.Qxd5#, 1…Bf8 2.Se3#
Eight thematic tries and white correction with four white pieces!
2) 1.Qd7! (2.Qxb7+ Sc6 3.Qxc6#)
1…Bc7 2.Rxg5+ Be4 3.Bg7#
1…Qxf7(e8) 2.Rxg5+ Be4 3.Bf6#
1…Rxb4 2.Rxd2+ Be4 3.Sb3#
1…Ra6 2.Rxd2+ Be4 3.Sc2#
1…Ke4 2.Rg3+ Kd3 3.e4#
This was the most significant problem after which the Zabunov theme was defined! Here are five thematic variations!
3) 1.Bf3? (2.Qf4#), 1…Sd2!
1.Rf3? (2.Qf4#), 1…Sc5!
1.Rc7! (2.c3+ Qxc3 3.Bxc3#)
1…Bd2 2.Bf3! (3.Qf4#) Rxf3/Sc5 3.Sxf3/Qxd5#
1…Rc5 2.Rf3! (3.Qf4#) Rxf3/Sd2 3.Sxf3/Qxe3#
Nice logical style.
4) 1…Bxc3 a 2.Rf5+ A exf5#
1.Sb3? (2.Rf5+ exf5#), 1…Rxf2!
1.Sd1? (2.Rf5+ exf5#),
1…e3 b 2.Sxe6+ B Rxe6#,
1...Bxd4 c 2.Qxg5+ C Qxg5#, 1…Rg2!
1.Sc2! (2.Rf5+ A exf5#)
1…Bxc3 a 2.Qxg5+ C Qxg5#
1…e3 b 2.Sd5+ D exd5#
1…Rg2 2.Rxe4+ Sxe4#
White and black pins, change of white continuations.
5) 1.Ba1! (2.Rb2+ Kxe5 3.Rb4+ Bd4#)
1…Sxd6 2.Rb6+ Sc4 3.c7+ Bxb6#
1…Sxe5 2.Re3+ Sc4 3.Bf3+ Bxe3#
Fantastic clear realisation of Zabunov theme combined with white passive annihilations!
6) 1.Rc3! (2.Rxd3+ Bxd3+ 3.Qe4+ Bxe4#)
1…f3 2.Re7+ Rf7 3.Re5+ Qxe5#
1…Sxb3 2.Rc7+ Rf7 3.Qd4+ Sxd4#
1…Sc6 2.Rf8+ Rf7 3.Se7+ Sxe7#
Three times white battery play and three pin-mates.
7) 1.Sa7! (2.Rxd2+ Ke7 3.Bd6+ Kd8 4.Bf8+ Bxd2#)
1…Rf~ 2.Rd4+ Ke7 3.Bd6+ Kd8 4.Bb4+ Qxd4#
1…Sd~ 2.Rdd5+ Ke7 3.Bd6+ Kd8 4.Bc5+ Sxd5#
Three times white battery play and creation of new batteries after critical moves.
8) 1.Qxb4+ Ka2 2.Qe1 Bxe5#, 1.Qxb2+ Ka4 2.Qd2 Sa6#
White masked half-battery play, passive annihilations, Zilahi.
9) 1…axb1Q 2.Ge1 Qxf5#, 1…axb1S 2.Sf3+ Sxc3#, 1…axb1R 2.Bd1 Rb5#,
1…axb1B 2.Ge4 Bxe4#, 1…axb1G 2.Rc2 Gd3#
1…gxf1Q 2.Bb5 Qxb5#, 1…gxf1S 2.Qe3+ Sxe3#, 1…gxf1R 2.Ge1 Rxf5#,
1…gxf1B 2.Gc4 Bxc4#, 1…gxf1G 2.Re2 Gd3#
Two Super AUWs
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